BACOLOD CITY, Negros Occidental, Philippines – The Health Office has reported a total of 28 confirmed cholera cases and 72 cases of Acute Bloody Diarrhea as of 7 November 2022, its most recent surveillance report showed.
The Morbidity Week 44 report for this year showed four local governments, all neighboring areas north of here, have the most number of cholera cases.
Talisay City had the highest cases at 13 followed by Silay (7), EB Magalona town (5), and Victorias City (1).
Silay City and EB Magalona town both recorded one cholera death.
For other food and waterborne diseases report, the record from PHO report also showed Acute Bloody Diarrhea topped the list of having most number of cases with 72.
Sipalay City logged 36, the highest among 10 other LGUs with confirmed infections.
Acute Bloody Diarrhea also called as dysentery according to the World Health Organization (WHO) is an infection in the intestinal tract. This can be caused by a variety of bacterial, viral and parasitic organisms. Infection is spread through contaminated food or drinking-water, or from person-to-person as a result of poor hygiene.
The list was followed by Acute Viral Hepatitis with 38 confirmed cases. Hinigaran town has the highest number with 6 confirmed infections. 24 other LGUs are affected.
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that is caused by a variety of infectious viruses and noninfectious agents.
There are five main strains of the hepatitis virus, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E.
For Rota virus, among five affected LGUs, Murcia town logged the highest number of cases with five.
Transmission of Rota virus occurs primarily by the faecal-oral route, directly from person to person or indirectly via contaminated fomites.
For typhoid, among 25 LGUs suspected to have logged cases of this disease, only two were confirmed.
Typhoid fever is an infection caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. It is usually spread through contaminated food or water.
All reported cases of these food and water borne diseases have increased since 2020 based on the data from PHO.